The Argentina Pecan Council gathers the two pecan related associations, the Argentine Chamber of Pecan Producers and the Cluster del Pecán, which involve more than 200 growers and other players of the pecan value chain.
Argentina began its export activity in 2010, and has reached 600ton in 2019, a figure that has been doubling in the last 3 years.
The genetic material of plants comes from the Germplasm Bank of INTA ProPecan, a government entity which owns 36 cultivars. Most of these come, in turn, from the Pecan Breeding and Genetics Program developed by the USDA Agricultural Research Service.
Commercial production develops from the grafted varieties officially registered with the Argentine Seed Institute (INASE, for its Spanish acronym)
The Argentine Agricultural Technology Institute (INTA, for its Spanish acronym) is a decentralized public entity created in 1956, devoted to spreading knowledge and developing technologies for producers to realize their full potential.
Its role in pecan production consists in researching and disseminating documents on this crop.
Nature, water and soil quality, and the work of specialized personnel have created a competitive agribusiness, where producers, suppliers and service providers, processing companies and exporters contributing all to the continual improvement of pecan production form a sustainable value chain.
As for good agricultural practices (GAP), the Argentine legal framework includes three resolutions issued by the Department of Agriculture, Livestock, Fisheries and Food (SAGPyA, for its Spanish acronym) and the Argentine Agrifood Quality and Safety Service (SENASA), which establish requirements related to personnel training and the documentation necessary for the entire production process.
Our priority is to deploy optimal technologies for the development of pecans and train specialized personnel in pecan nut growing.
These include water quality analysis, plant health care, pest control, spraying, pruning, drip irrigation or micro-sprinkling, fertilization and fertigation techniques, mechanical harvesting, logistics, and fruit drying and conditioning, among others.
Safety and quality standards are issued by SENASA, the Argentine entity in charge of controlling all pecan-related production activities through Regulation No. 446/14.
The regulatory framework applicable in Argentina follows the rules in force in the United States and Mexico, and apply the same nut weight and size category standards during the key process of cleaning, drying, sizing, sorting out defective nuts and packing by size and variety.
The categories by nut count per kilogram, under the SENASA regulations, are as follows:
The sorting machine sorts nuts based on nut diameter.
Argentine meets all conditions to export in-shell and shelled certified varieties of pecan nuts. The INTA is developing a DNA-based identification and traceability system known as pecan biocoding.
Some of the commercial destinations of Argentine pecans are Algeria, the United States, Hong Kong, Italy, Vietnam, Uruguay, Saudi Arabia, Thailand and Germany.
Ten years of exports to different destinations have given us foreign trade expertise.
In 2019, 600 tons were exported for an amount of USD 2,500,000. In 2020, we expect to sell over 1000 tons of pecans. The volume harvested represents only 14% of all plantations, since the remaining 86% of the trees is not yet 10 years of age.
The Argentine Government supports us through globally renowned technical organizations such as ProPecan, SENASA, INTA, the Federal Council of Dried Fruits and Nuts, and the Argentine Department of Agro-Industry.